If someone loses one or more teeth; if this is not treated, it can cause serious issues. Not only can it hurt their self-image, the risk of ending up with serious health problems such as bad nutrition can also occur.
Luckily, a dependable method has been available for many years to solve this problem: partial or full dentures.
Dentures are one of the options to replace lost teeth. Additional options are dental implants or fixed bridgework, with each one having its own set of pros and cons that you should consider.
Additionally, different types of dentures are available depending on the patient’s situation. This can range from needing only partial dentures to requiring dental implant-supported overdentures. The type used depends on each patient’s needs.
What are Removable Dentures?
Partial or full dentures comprise a plastic base the same color as the gums that is placed over the top of the remaining bone or “alveolar” ridge where the old teeth used to be. The new prosthetic teeth project from out of this base and are meant to work and look exactly like regular teeth.
The dentures stay in place mainly due to the suction effect since they are closely fitted onto the alveolar ridge, which is the reason it’s vital to get a proper fit.
Additionally, the upper dentures are supported by the area located at the roof of your mouth, which is also called the palate. This makes the dentures very stable.
It sometimes takes a bit of time to get used to wearing, talking and eating with your new dentures. The dentures must settle into the area where the old teeth formerly sat and become balanced in your mouth.
As time passes, the mouth’s nerves, ligaments, and muscles learn to use the dentures. Then you can do the above in a more normal fashion. Plus, dentures aid in supporting your facial skeleton, along with the lip and cheek’s soft tissue. This can help you look younger!
Full Dentures Types
Immediate Dentures: These are typically a temporary type of dentures meant to help you get used to wearing dentures. These are put in right after your teeth are pulled.
During the healing process, your gums naturally shrink, and some muscle rearranging is needed, so this type will not fit the same as more permanent types of dentures. But, their placement gives you teeth immediately, as well as providing time to adjust to wearing dentures.
Conventional Full Dentures: These are permanent dentures that will mold to a person’s mouth over time so that they fit nearly perfectly. They are created so that they look just about the same as natural teeth. Plus, they will perform the same function as your old teeth for a long period of time.
Overdentures Supported by Implants: These type of appliances increase lower or upper denture stability. They can be tightly anchored to the jaw through the use of at least two dental implants. If they are to be placed into the upper jaw, usually three or more dental implants are required because the bone density of the lower jaw is less. The majority of patients think these type of dentures provide a good balance of value, function, and comfort.
Partial Dentures Types
Transitional Partial Dentures: This type of dentures are made from plastic, are comparatively low-priced, and removable. They are meant, for instance, to temporarily replace lost teeth and maintain the space while the mouth heals after teeth are extracted. After the mouth heals, the patient can get dental implants.
Removable Partial Dentures: These removable type of dentures are typically created out of cast Vitallium, are well built and made of a metal base. They are extremely light compared to plastic dentures and fit better, though they cost more. However, they are cheaper than fixed bridgework or getting dental implants.
How Are Dentures Constructed and Fitted
Crafting good quality dentures requires a mix of art and science. Firstly, the patient has to get a precise impression or mold of their alveolar ridges located at the top, as well as the bottom of their mouth.
Then, the denture’s base is constructed at a dental lab using the lab tech and the dentist work together to pick the best size and shape of the artificial teeth so as to produce the smile that looks the most natural.
Once everyone is happy they have it right, the more permanent dentures are made. It’s vital to have a balanced bite so patients can eat and talk normally. This entails properly putting the lower and upper dentures together, so they each stabilize the other properly.
All dentures must be checked carefully to make sure their function and form work well to allow the wearer to eat and speak properly, and that they fit correctly.
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